Jesus believed he was the Messiah (Yahweh’s chosen), but he did not believe he was Yahweh and neither did his Jewish followers. Jesus’ first disciples believed the Holy Spirit (Yahweh’s power) came down from the heavens and rested upon Jesus at the time of his baptism (Mark 1:10; Luke 3:22). This power enabled him to carry out the mission Yahweh had for him (Acts 10:38).
Yahweh raised the mortal Jesus from the dead. Paul said, “[Yahweh] raised [Jesus] from the dead and seated [Jesus] at his right hand in the heavenly places, far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and above every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come. And he put all things under [Jesus’] feet and gave him as head over all things to the church” (Ephesians 1:20-22).
Notice Jesus wasn’t born with this power and he didn’t send it to himself. He didn’t raise himself from the dead and he didn’t exalt himself and give himself authority over all things. The bible says Yahweh “bestowed” upon Jesus “the name that is above every name” (Philippians 2:9).
During Jesus’ lifetimes he was addressed as “lord,” a title used for rabbis, priests, the wealthy, rulers, etc.; however, the Bible says that he was made king of king and lord of lords!
Jesus was never Yahweh; the idea of God made up of three persons was a Greek idea that came about long after Jesus’ death. Instead, God exalted Jesus, sharing with him his divine name, throne, and glory. Yahweh did this so that Jesus could reign over the kingdom of God and be worthy of worship alongside of himself. Furthermore, Paul says Jesus will only reign until “all things are subjected to him,” and then he will subject himself to Yahweh like everything else “so that [Yahweh] may be all in all” (1 Corinthians 15:28).
Question 1: Doesn’t the fact that Jesus was born of a virgin prove he was not the same as other humans?
Question 2: The Bible says that Jesus existed prior to creation. Doesn’t that prove he was God?
Answer 2: Saying that someone or something existed prior to creation was a Jewish way of saying that it existed in Yahweh’s mind, was part of Yahweh’s plan, and was set in stone. We see this explained in 1 Peter: “[Jesus] was foreknown before the foundation of the world but was made manifest in the last times for the sake of you who through [Jesus] are believers in God, who raised [Jesus] from the dead and gave [Jesus] glory, so that your faith and hope are in God” (1 Peter 1:20-21).
Question 3: If Jesus were not God, how could his death have paid the price for men’s sins?
Answer 3: The Bible says that Yahweh accepted the death of Jesus “as a ransom for many” (Matthew 20:28; Mark 10:45). The writer of Hebrews says, “After making purification for sins, [Jesus] sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, having become as much superior to angels as the name Jesus has inherited is more excellent than theirs” (emphasis added).
Formation of Trinitarianism
The holy spirit in the Bible